Universities Should Distance Themselves from Nike, But Here’s Why They Won’t

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Companies, like Nike, contribute significantly to the university bottom line. They are allies, not villains to question or call out.


Courtesy: NCAA.org

Last weekend’s PK80 celebration—a 16-team college basketball tournament in Portland, Oregon—was organized to honor Phil Knight on this 80th birthday.

If you watched ESPN’s coverage of the games, then you experienced a big dose of homage paid to Knight, including Bill Walton’s effusive adulation for Knight and his corporate success.

And why not? Knight has been responsible for putting big money in the pockets of universities and head coaches. Nike executes exclusive contracts with schools—“Nike schools” they’re called—to outfit schools with Nike equipment and manufacture merchandise with the “Nike swosh.”

Nike isn’t alone, of course. Adidas and Under Armour do the same thing. For perspective, here’s a list generated recently by Sports Illustrated showing which major schools are under contract with which company.

It’s a huge business, too. The Portland Business Journal estimates it amounts to about $300 million dollars to schools each year. That’s per year, mind you—not the amount generated for universities via long-term contracts. For example, Forbes reports that UCLA’s contract with Adidas (through 2032) is worth $280 million. Mega-deals are common for schools with elite athletic brands—schools like Ohio State, Michigan, and Texas.

Courtesy: Nike

But Nike has what Adidas and Under Armour do not—a face. The public has no idea who runs either of Nike’s major competitors. Not so with Nike. Phil Knight is the face of the franchise.

That doesn’t mean Nike’s competitors aren’t getting news coverage. Adidas has been in the news recently, but not by its own choosing. The news is about scandal—the FBI’s investigation into alleged money-laundering and collusion in the recruitment of college basketball players.

But rather than focus on how shoe-apparel companies have contributed to the underbelly of collegiate sports (there’s plenty of treatment in that regard), in this piece I’ll write about a question that came to mind while I was watching PK80 last weekend: “Well, just what kind of company is Nike?” I don’t mean what kind of company it is in relation to competitors. I mean what kind of company it is in terms of corporate social responsibility.

What I learned is this. As many of you know, Nike does most of its manufacturing overseas. For years the company had been accused of questionable practices, including using sweatshops and children to produce products. But to its credit, Nike—and Phil Knight, specifically—acknowledged problems. Nike went about reform seriously, spending about a decade cleaning up its working conditions.

Nike protests (courtesy, United Students Against Sweatshops)

But activists started protesting again this year. Here’s why (source Quartz): “There are claims that workers at a Nike contract factory in Hansae, Vietnam, suffered wage theft and verbal abuse, and labored for hours in temperatures well over the legal limit of 90 degrees, to the point that they would collapse at their sewing machines. Nike is also accused of cutting jobs at the Hansae factory and pulling production from a factory in Honduras with a strong union presence, resulting in hundreds of workers losing vital jobs. The company has also allegedly denied the independent monitoring group Worker Rights Consortium (WRC) access to inspect its contract factories. The WRC was founded in 2000 by universities, international labor rights experts, and student groups…to ensure that products bearing university logos were made under conditions that respected workers’ rights.”

To get a broader perspective and overall assessment of Nike, I turned to “Good on You.” Its purpose is simple—to evaluate companies in terms of corporate social responsibility. What I found was a balanced assessment of Nike—praising Nike for making significant improvements and raising questions about what it considers to be a devolution of progress.

“Though Nike has successfully improved its reputation,” the site writes, “and it has become the top-selling activewear brand in the world, many of its practices are still problematic.“ Specifically, “Good on You” evaluates Nike on environmental practices as “Making Progress,” and on labor conditions and animal welfare as “Not Good Enough.”

Courtesy: Retail Oasis

Good on You” gives Nike an overall grade of “Not Good Enough” and recommends purchasing products from higher-rated peers.

The challenge for major universities is that Nike isn’t just another company. It helps bankroll major college athletics. That’s why the answer to the question of why universities won’t distance themselves from Nike is easy – they benefit financially in a very big way. And those financial benefits make it very difficult for universities to raise questions about–let alone call out–Nike on matters of corporate social responsibility.

Let’s face facts: universities are corporations, too. They focus on an interrelated bottom line—just like Nike—of generating revenue, managing the brand, and beating competitors. Companies like Nike contribute significantly to the university bottom line. They are allies, not villains to question or call out.

But that’s a sad commentary about contemporary higher education. It reveals the cavernous gulf between what universities are supposed to be about and what they do in the name of big-time athletics.

Keep in mind that Phil Knight didn’t organize PK80. His company didn’t, either. Universities did.

 

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About Frank Fear

I’m a Columnist at The Sports Column. My specialty is sports commentary with emphasis on sports reform. I also serve as TSC’s Chief Operating Officer and Managing Editor. In that role I coordinate the daily flow of submissions from across the country and around the world, including overseeing editing and posting articles. I’m especially interested in enabling the development of young, aspiring writers. I can relate to them. I began covering sports in high school for my local newspaper. In college I served as sports editor of the campus newspaper and worked in the Sports Information Director’s Office at St. John Fisher College. After finishing grad degrees at West Virginia and Iowa State I had a 35-year academic career at Michigan State. Now retired, it’s time to write again about sports. I strongly support TSC’s philosophy–democratizing voice by giving everybody a chance to write.



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